Robert Ghiz, the premier of Prince Edward Island since 2007, is the second son whose father also served as the island’s premier. Joe Ghiz served as premier from 1986 to 1993. Thane Campbell was premier from 1936 to 1943 and his son, Alexander Campbell, served from 1966 to 1978. All four men were, or are, Liberals.

According to 2010 statistics, residents of Prince Edward Island earned the lowest average weekly wage in Canada at $689. The national average was $821.

The island accounts for 20 per cent of Canada’s lobster production and 80 per cent of its mussels production.


Few provinces have an official dog. The Nova Scotia duck tolling retriever, which has been bred in the province for more than 100 years, was declared the official provincial dog in 1995. It is the smallest of all retrievers and is a purely Canadian breed.

There are 150 passengers of the Titanic buried in Halifax, the largest number anywhere in the world. The bodies were recovered by ships whose crews spent several days searching the sea where the Titanic sank. The class barriers so prevalent aboard the Titanic were adhered to in death: the bodies of first-class passengers were unloaded in coffins, those of second-class passengers in canvas bags and the crew on open stretchers.

Alexander Graham Bell built a summer home in the town of Baddeck on Cape Breton Island in 1886, calling it Beinn Bhreagh, Gaelic for beautiful mountain. He gradually came to spend more time in Baddeck, dying there in 1922 at age 75. The location is now a national historic site.

Bing: 100th anniversary of Titanic sinking in April 2012


Sabian Cymbal Makers, founded in 1981 in the tiny village of Meductic (population 155 as of 2006), in southern New Brunswick, 33 kilometres east of Woodstock, produces bronze cymbals distributed to 120 countries and favoured by musicians such as Chad Smith of the Red Hot Chili Peppers, Phil Collins and Neil Peart of Rush.

New Brunswick is the only officially bilingual province, becoming so in 1969 and renewing that law in 2002. As of 2006, francophones make up 32.7 per cent of the population.

New Brunswick is the second largest exporter of peat moss in the world, producing nearly 13 million bales in 2009 (worth about $120 million), most of it coming from the Acadian Peninsula.


Newfoundland is home to wave forests, a rare type of forest distinguished by alternating bands of live and dead trees that slowly move in profile across the land, usually about 50 to 100 metres each century. Viewed in profile, the forests resemble a series of dominoes tipping over.

The ocean waters around Newfoundland are home to 22 species of whales.

Newfoundland and Labrador averages 102 days annually when it snows, the second-highest total of the provinces and the territories. Quebec leads with an average of 109 days.

Images of wave forest newfoundland


The 17-century architecture, fortress walls and cobble-stoned streets of Quebec City‘s Old Town have combined to give the city designation as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1985.

Poutine, Quebec’s signature combination of french fries, cheese curds and gravy that was first thrown together in the late 1950s, is celebrated with an annual festival in Drummondville each August.

The Montreal International Jazz Festival, started in 1980, has grown to incorporate 1,000 concerts and activities over its 10 days, for a total audience of 2 million people.

Five-pin bowling, a game largely played in Canada, was invented by Thomas Ryan of Toronto in 1909. Ryan, the owner of a bowling alley, was spurred to experiment after customers complained it took too long to set up 10 pins.

As of 2009, Ontario was the safest province to drive in with 4.1 vehicular deaths per 100,000 people and 472.5 injuries per 100,000, the lowest rates in the country.

As of 2010, Ontario’s gross domestic product, the market value of goods and services produced, was more than $612 billion, representing 37.7 per cent of Canada’s total, both figures tops among the provinces and the territories.

Bing: What are Canada’s most dangerous provinces for drivers?

The International Peace Garden, which overlaps both sides of the border between Canada and the United States, south of Boissevain, Man., and north of Dunseith, N.D., opened in 1932. Its approximately 947 hectares is mainly composed of botanical displays featuring more than 150,000 types of flowers. The only two floral displays that are retained annually are those of the Canadian and American flags.

The Golden Boy, the statue gilded in 24-carat gold and a little over five metres high, sits 77 metres atop the Manitoba Legislature in Winnipeg. It was sculpted and cast in France during the waning days of the First World War and put in a cargo ship bound for Canada. But the ship was commandeered for troop deployment and the Golden Boy made several crossings of the Atlantic before landing in Halifax and being shipped by train to Winnipeg, where he was put atop the building in November, 1919. The statue came down in 2002 for a few months of repair.

Churchill, Man., is known as the polar bear capital of the world. The polar bear ‘season’ begins in October and lasts until early November, the bears gathering as they wait for Hudson Bay to freeze so they can travel on it to hunt seals. An estimated 12,000 tourists will pass through Churchill during these six weeks to get a look at the bears.


The first settlement in the location that is now Regina was a buffalo corral built by Cree Indians. They believed existing buffalo would not leave the bones of dead buffalo behind and fashioned a mound nearly two metres high. The Cree called it Oskana ka-asateki, ‘the bones that are piled together.’ The settlement then became known as Pile O’ Bones. With the establishment of the North West Mounted Police barracks in 1882, the settlement’s name was changed to Regina (Latin for queen) at the suggestion of Princess Louise, the daughter of Queen Victoria and the husband of the Marquess of Lorne, Canada’s governor general.

According to 2005 statistics, hunters in Saskatchewan spent $107.5 million, about eight per cent of the money spent by all tourists. About 70,000 people hunted in the province, 22,000 of them coming from outside Saskatchewan.

Terry Puhl, a native of Melville, Sask., played Major League Baseball from 1977 to 1991, all but one of those seasons with the Houston Astros. He batted better than .300 three times and was named an all-star in 1978. He was inducted into the Canadian Baseball Hall of Fame in 1995 and managed Canada’s baseball team at the 2008 Beijing Olympics.

The Calgary Stampede, which will celebrate the centennial of its founding this year, was established by Guy Weadick, an American and cowboy trick roper, who wanted to put together a show celebrating the wild west. After the first show, in 1912, there wasn’t another one until 1919 because of the First World War. The first chuckwagon races were held in 1923.


Alberta, along with British Columbia, averages 60 days annually when it snows, the lowest of any province or territory.

The town of Vulcan, located midway between Calgary and Lethbridge, was named in 1915 after the Roman god of fire. Vulcan is also the birth planet of Mr. Spock, the character from the Star Trek movies and television show portrayed by Leonard Nimoy and the Alberta town (population 1,900) has embraced that to the hilt, holding an annual festival known as Spock Days in June. In April of 2010, Nimoy wowed the town by making an appearance, leading a parade through town and unveiling a bronze bust of Spock.



B.C. Place, Canada’s first domed stadium, opened June 19, 1983 in Vancouver. It underwent a $563-million renovation that included the installation of a retractable roof, reopening in September of 2011.

A member of the Bennett family served as the premier of British Columbia from 1952 until 1986, save for a three-year gap in the early 1970s. W.A.C. Bennett ran a Social Credit government from 1952 until his defeat in 1972 to the NDP and remains the longest-serving B.C. premier. He was succeeded, in his provincial riding, and as party leader, by his son Bill, who became premier in 1975, serving until 1986.

Canada is recognized as a world leader in the production of icewine, a dessert wine made from grapes harvested when the temperature is at least minus-eight Celsius. While icewine is also produced in Ontario’s Niagara region, the B.C. Wine Institute says it was first produced in Peachland, B.C. in 1974.


As of 2009, the Yukon was the worst place to drive in Canada, with 20.8 motor vehicle deaths per 100,000 people and 517.1 injuries per 100,000.

By June of 1898, when the territory was created and the gold rush was at its peak, the Yukon had a population of about 40,000. As of June, 2011, its population was 35,175. It is estimated there are more moose (50,000) than people in the Yukon.

There is 4,734.8 kilometres of highway in the Yukon, including the Dempster Highway, the only public road that crosses the Arctic Circle.

Bing: More on the Klondike Gold Rush

Yellowknife, the capital of the Northwest Territories, is the coldest city in Canada, with a mean annual temperature of minus 5.4 degrees Celsius. The average night temperature in December, January and February is minus 29.9 degrees Celsius.

About $1 billion of the Northwest Territories’ gross domestic product of nearly $4.7 billion comes from diamond mining.

According to 2006 government statistics, about 700 people in the Northwest Territories make their living bytrapping, contributing an estimated $1.4 million to the territorial economy.

About 54 per cent of Nunavut’s population smokes, according to 2010 Statistics Canada figures. That is the highest percentage of any province or territory. The national average is nearly 21 per cent.

Nunavut covers more than 2 million square kilometres, about a fifth of Canada’s total.

In Iqaluit, the capital of Nunavut, there is one paved road, the only such road in the entire territory.