The government is calling the budget a plan for Jobs, Growth and Long-term Prosperity. “In this budget, our Government is looking ahead not only over the next few years but also over the next generation,” said Finance Minister Jim Flaherty. “The reforms we present today are substantial, responsible and necessary. They will ensure that all across government we are focused on enabling and sustaining Canada’s long-term economic growth.” However, while the budget does include many investments, it also make a number of cuts and changes that will save money. Here are some of the highlights.

The government is cutting spending by $5.2 billion on an ongoing basis, but it says it will not reach that total until 2014-2015. The feds says 70 per cent of these savings will come from “operational efficiencies.” The planned reduction in spending is expected to result in the elimination of 19,200 public service jobs over a three-year period, 4.8 percent of total federal employment. The government expects 7,200 of those positions to be eliminated through attrition. Six hundred executives positions are expected to be slashed. Roughly $900 million will be spent making these job cuts, on things such as severance and benefits. After 2014-2015, the public service cuts will save the federal government $5.23 billion per year.

The government is cutting the budget of Canada’s national broadcaster by $115 million per year by 2014-2015. Currently, the CBC’s total budget stands at roughly $1.1 billion per year, making for a cut of roughly 10 per cent.

The Canadian penny will be eliminated this fall, a victim of inflation, Finance Minister Jim Flaherty announced in the budget. The cost of producing a penny is 1.6 cents, and the coin is now worth only 1/20th of its original value

The government says it has no intention of building any new prisons, despite the passage of the omnibus crime bill which some experts suggests will increase the number of people incarcerated. The Tories plan to slash $295 million from Corrections Canada by 2014-2015. The RCMP will also receive major cuts, $195.2 million by 2014-2015. But the government will spend $9.6 million over three years to combat counterfeiting.

The government is moving to alter the current process for the environmental assessment of resource-based projects. They plan to move to one review for one project and to give these reviews a definite deadline. The change will affect the Northern Gateway pipeline. Additionally, the government wants to focus resources on reviewing the largest plans with the greatest potential for environmental impact. The feds says they will do this while continuing to protect the environment. The government says this change is aimed at simplifying a complex system of reviews that imposes costly delays and deters investment. Canada’s first near-urban national park will also be declared in the Rouge Valley in suburban Toronto. Other highlights include: – By 2014-2015, Environment Canada’s budget will be reduced by $53.8 million per year. – $50 million will be spent over two years to protect species at risk. – $13.5 million over two years strengthen pipeline safety. – $47 million over two years to pay for regulatory responsibilities for the Alaska Pipeline Project. – $165 million over two years for resource development. The feds are eliminating the National Roundtable on the Environment and the Economy, a group of experts who advise the government on environmental matters.

The government is increasing the eligibility age for receiving Old Age Security (OAS) and Guaranteed Income from 65 to 67. The change will be made starting on April 1, 2023 and will be fully implemented by January 2029. The government will also allow individuals to choose to defer payment for a maximum of five years starting in July 2013. If a person does defer, they will receive a larger adjusted pension than if they had begun collecting at 65. The government says it is making the changes primarily due to demographic shifts. The pending retirement of the Baby Boomers will increase the total cost of the program from $38 billion in 2011 to $108 billion in 2030.

The feds are planning to reduce Health Canada’s budget by nearly $310 million per year by 2014-2015. Health Canada and the Public Health Agency of Canada will consolidate many services, reducing what the government calls duplication, in order to achieve some of these savings. The government will also eliminate Assisted Human Reproduction, a group involved in the study of potential uses for stem cells. They also propose: – Expanding GST/HST and income tax breaks for health care services. – $51.2 million over two years to improve food safety.

The government is making an investment of more than $1 billion in science and technology. Canada currently lags behind other similar economies in terms of private sector investment in R&D and overall innovation, according to the government. Here are a few highlights of the spending: – $400 million to help increase venture capital investment by businesses. – $100 million for the Business Development Bank Of Canada for venture capital investment. – $110 million per year for the Industrial Research Assistance Program. – $105 million over two years help pay for innovation in the forestry sector. – $500 million over five years for the Canada Foundation for Innovations to pay for new competitions. Funding will start in 2014-15.

The government will revamp the immigration system by killing a backlog of 460,000 skilled foreign worker applicants by sending them their money and applications back. Up to $130 million will be spent refunding fees to skilled worker applicants who paid under outdated criteria. The feds are planning to improve the system for the recognition of foreign credentials The government will move to ensure businesses first look to domestic sources of labour before using the Temporary Foreign Worker Program.

The budget will implement the Beyond the Border security pact with the United States (The Action Plan on Perimeter Security and Economic Competitiveness and the Action Plan On Regulatory Cooperation). But the coming changes don’t mean the Canada Borders Service Agency will escape cuts. The department’s budget will be reduced by $143.4 million by 2014-2015 It will also seek to streamline for the process of bringing goods home from abroad by increasing the dollar amount exempted from tariffs for travellers.

The budget seeks to continue the government’s work to expand Canada’s international trading relationships. “Our government is undertaking the most ambitious trade expansion plan in Canadian history,” said Flaherty. In his speech, Flaherty also signals that, while the U.S. will remain our largest trading partner, Canada needs to open its export economy to emerging economies. China, India and the Trans-Pacific Partnership are mentioned by name. However, there will be cuts. The International Assistance Envelope, which includes the Canadian International Development Agency, Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada, the International Development Research Centre the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and Natural Resources Canada, will be cut by $377.6 million by 2014-2015. Most of that money will come from The Canadian International Development Agency — $319.2 million. Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada will be cut by $29.1 million. The federal government also plans to find $80 million in saving by selling official residences abroad.

The budget touts the government’s progress in modernizing the Canadian forces through major investment. However, the Defence budget is about to fall substantially. Some of this reduction will come from improvements in efficiency, but much will come from the end of the combat mission in Afghanistan. The cuts will amount to roughly $1.12 billion by 2014-2015. According to Armine Yalnizyan, of the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, these cuts are over and above the roughly half a billion announced during a previous round of strategic review. The size of the military will not shrink but it won’t grow either. The regular Canadian Forces will remain at 68,000 members and the reserve force at 27,000. Veterans Affairs will also be on the receiving end of cuts – $66.7 million by 2014-2015. The budget will also provide 5.2 billion for the Coast Guard over the next 11 years.

The government is eliminating the Trudeau-era youth program Katimavik. The feds say the program benefits a very small number at an excessive cost per person.

The budget reduces spending on Fisheries and Oceans by $79.3 million by 2014-2015 The department will undergo a substantial restructuring. Services will be consolidated and the size of its motor vehicle fleet will be cut. It will also focus less on research, relying more on academia.

The government will spend $275 million over three years on First Nations education. The money is budgeted for the building and renovation of schools on reserves. The feds are also set to spend $27 million over two years on the Urban Aboriginal Strategy. $330.8 million will also be provided over two years to build and expand water infrastructure on reserves.

Coming changes to MP Pensions are not outlined in the budget. Finance Minister Jim Flaherty said the changes he wants to make, increasing pension contributions by the MPs themselves and raising the age of eligibility will have to be discussed.

Employment Insurance
The government is making a number of changes to Employment Insurance (EI) it says are aimed at creating a more efficient program. -$387 million over two years for matching benefit amounts to wages in different local labour markets. Depending on the unemployment rate in the region, claimants will need between 14 and 22 weeks to qualify for EI. -$74 million over two years to help make sure claimants benefit from getting a job. EI claimants will be able to keep 50 per cent of their earnings without getting their benefits clawed back. – Limiting premium increases to no more than 5 cents per year. – $21 million over two years to improve the content and timeliness of information provided to job seekers.

Global BC | Budget highlights

— Production of the penny to cease this fall, saving an estimated $11 million a year.

— Deficit projected to fall $8.5 billion, to $24.9 billion for 2011-12, to decline to $21.1 billion next year and to disappear by 2015.

— More than $5 billion in cuts to annual federal spending by 2014-15.

— Job cuts: 19,200 federal positions to be eliminated, or 4.8 per cent of the federal workforce.

— Age of eligibility for old age security and the guaranteed income supplement to gradually move to 67 from 65, beginning in 2023.

— $5.2 billion over 11 years to renew and refit the Canadian Coast Guard’s fleet of vessels and helicopters.

— Eligible Canadians to be allowed to defer old age security for a maximum of five years, beginning in 2013, in exchange for higher benefits.

— $1.1 billion in research and development over five years, plus $500 million to encourage venture capital investment by the private sector.

— First Nations reserves: $275 million over three years for schools and education, $330.8 million over two years to improve water systems and water quality.

— CBC to lose 10 per cent of annual funding.

— Return $130 million in fees to nearly 300,000 would-be Canadian immigrants to eliminate backlog in skilled-worker applications;

— $482 million over two years to improve the effectiveness of the employment insurance system, including incentives for accepting work and ensuring benefit levels align with local labour market conditions.

— Cap on annual increases to employment insurance premiums until operating budget is balanced.

— $205 million for a one-year extension of a temporary hiring credit for small businesses.

— $50 million over two years to provide job skills training for young people.

More tax exemption room for cross-border shoppers
Canadians who like to shop across the border will now be able to bring back far more items duty and tax-free as a result of the federal government significantly lifting the exemption limit.

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