Archives for category: History



The Curse of the Axe
Archaeologists were stunned and thrilled by the size and complexity of a Huron village excavated in Whitchurch-Stouffville north of Toronto. But they were puzzled by a little piece of Europe the Hurons carefully preserved… a piece that arrived long before the Hurons made first contact with the Europeans. But how? That mystery was solved after months of forensic sleuthing.

Mantle Site, Wendat (Huron) Ancestral Village


  #1   Inuit children who lived too far away and had to stay at school during the summer at the Anglican Mission School in Aklavik, N.W.T. in 1941.

  #2   The blackboard on the left reads: “Thou Shalt Not Tell Lies.” Cree students at the Anglican-run Lac la Ronge Mission School in Saskatchewan in 1945.

Residential Schools 1

  # 3   Sisters of the Soeurs du Sacré-Coeur d’Ottawa and students on the steps of the school on the Pukatawagan Reserve in Manitoba in 1960.

Residential Schools 2

  #4   La Tuque Residential School’s hockey team at a tournament held during the Quebec Winter Carnival in 1967.

Residential Schools 3

  #5   Canada’s first and only Indian Air Cadet Unit, “No. 610” in 1956. The boys are from the Roman Catholic-run Williams Lake, B.C., Residential School.

Residential Schools 4

  #6   Chemistry class at Kamloop’s Residential School in 1959

Residential Schools 5

  #7   Students play pool at the Norway House Residential School in Manitoba in 1960.

Residential Schools 6

  #8   Students at a dormitory of the Shingwauk Residential School in Ontario in 1960

Residential Schools 7

  #9   The carpentry shop at a Kamloops, B.C., residential school in the late 1950s.

Residential Schools 8

#10   Children hold letters that spell “Goodbye” at the Fort Simpson, N.W.T, Residential School in 1922.

Residential Schools 9

#11   Undated photo of a group of students and parents from the Saddle Lake Reserve in Alberta en route to the Methodist-operated Red Deer Industrial School.

Residential Schools 10

Residential Schools 11

#13   Shingle Point Residential School & Home For Boys, Mackenzie District, N.W.T. in 1930.

Residential Schools 12